REPORTING PROHIBITED CONDUCT AND INVESTIGATION PROCESS
NEC encourages community members who have experienced any potential gender-based misconduct to inform the Title IX Coordinator, so that the Title IX Coordinator can provide information concerning supportive measures and available reporting options.
NEC can address reports of violations of this Policy most completely when the Conservatory is able to identify and communicate with the people reporting policy violations. The benefits of direct reporting include a greater ability for NEC to follow-up on the information in the report and to provide resources, support, and options to those reporting. However, NEC also provides individuals with the option to submit an anonymous report to NEC’s Title IX Coordinator without disclosing their identity, identifying the Complainant (if different than the reporting party), Respondent, or requesting any action. Those wishing to submit a report anonymously may submit the online form titled Violations of Title IX and Gender-Based Misconduct Policies (available on NEC’s website here: https://necmusic.edu/student-care-and-concern) without personal identifying information. Students and employees may also file an anonymous report through EthicsPoint, a third-party service party that permits the submitter to submit an anonymous report and to exchange anonymous messages with NEC. EthicsPoint can be accessed by students by logging into “My NEC” and navigating to the Security & Safety tab. For employees, EthicsPoint is accessed via the ADP website, available through the OneLogin webpage: https://necmusic.onelogin.com/portal.
If a report is submitted anonymously, NEC will review the information in the report, but may be limited in its ability to take action with regard to the information that is shared.
The following is the process by which the New England Conservatory will investigate a report of a violation of the Gender Based Misconduct Policy (“GBM Policy”).
- Initial Steps
After receiving an informal report of conduct that could fall under the GBM Policy, the Title IX Coordinator, or their designee (the “Title IX Officer”), will take a number of initial steps; these initial steps are not an investigation. Rather, these initial steps will enable the Conservatory to assess the need to take any immediate action to address the safety and health needs of the individuals involved in a matter and to help the individuals determine the next appropriate steps, whether under this Policy or a referral to another Conservatory policy.
These initial steps may include, but are not limited to, the following:
A. Contact Complainant. The Title IX Officer will contact the Complainant (if known) and encourage them to meet virtually or in person to discuss the nature and circumstances of the reported conduct, review relevant documentation that is available, and describe the various options available to them.
B. Review Supportive Measures. Regardless of whether a Complainant decides to participate in an adjudication process, they may be entitled to supportive measures as defined in the Definitions section of this Policy.
C. Review Reporting Options. The Title IX Officer will explain the GBM Policy and the different options and protections available to the Parties. The Title IX Officer will also explain the right to report and the right to delay or decline to report the matter to the Conservatory. Depending on the nature of the report, the Title IX Officer may also advise the Complainant of the opportunity to make a report to local law enforcement. Such a report will not change any obligation of NEC to investigate the matter, but it may briefly delay the timing of the investigation, such as if a law enforcement agency requests that NEC delay its process for a reasonable amount of time to allow it to gather evidence of criminal conduct. NEC does not use the same process or standard of proof as a criminal process. Typically, NEC will only inquire about criminal processes if they impact an individual’s ability to access or use NEC’s process. In no instance will a concurrent criminal proceeding, by itself, lead to an adverse inference against the Respondent.
- Formal Complaint
If the Complainant wishes to move forward with an investigation under this Policy, the Complainant must provide a statement of allegations in writing, referred to in this Policy as the formal complaint. A Complainant or the Title IX Coordinator may submit a formal complaint at any time by preparing a written document that is physically or electronically signed by the Complainant or Title IX Coordinator and alleges prohibited conducted as defined in this Policy. The formal complaint may be submitted to the Title IX Coordinator through any of the following mechanisms:
A. By delivering, mailing, or otherwise transmitting the formal complaint to the Title IX Coordinator;
B. By emailing the formal complaint to email@example.com;
C. By completing a Title IX and Gender Based Misconduct Formal Complaint Form; or
D.Through any other means that results in the Title IX Coordinator receiving the person’s signed formal complaint.
If the Complainant declines to proceed with an investigation and does not submit a formal complaint, the Title IX Officer will weigh that request against NEC’s obligation to address any risk of harm to the Complainant and the community based on the allegations in a report and may sign a formal complaint against another party if it is determined that NEC is obligated to respond due to a concern related to the safety of the NEC community. In such situations, the Title IX Officer and/or NEC is not a party and will provide notice, as set forth below, to both the Complainant and Respondent.
As soon as practicable after receiving a formal complaint, and with sufficient time to prepare for any interview or meeting, the Title IX Coordinator will provide a written notice to all known Parties that will include: a description of the allegations as they are understood at the time, including, to the extent known the name(s) of the parties, the date, time, and location of the conduct in question, the allegations and the portions of the policy that are alleged to have been violated, any interim measures in place that either party must be made aware, and a statement that the Respondent is presumed not responsible for the alleged conduct. This written notice does not constitute a finding or a determination of responsibility. Further, the written notice will be updated or amended if new allegations are raised by either party and accepted for investigation.
In appropriate circumstances, to address imminent threats posed to any person’s physical health or safety as a result of the allegations in a formal complaint, NEC may evaluate whether to remove a Respondent from its Education Program and Activities on an emergency basis or to place an employee on leave during the Investigation Phase.
A. Emergency Removal. NEC may remove a Respondent from an Education Program or Activity on an emergency basis following an individualized safety and risk analysis that determines there is an immediate threat to the physical health or safety of any individual arising from the allegations of Prohibited Conduct. The Respondent shall have the opportunity to challenge the decision immediately following the removal.
B. Administrative Leave. NEC may place an employee on leave during the Complaint Resolution Process.
Upon reviewing any written complaint materials, if the Title IX Officer determines that the conduct would, if proven, be prohibited by this Policy, the matter will be referred to the next phase of this process.
If a formal complaint alleges that a Respondent engaged in conduct that potentially violates both NEC’s GBM and other NEC policies, the Title IX Officer may within their discretion choose to resolve some or all the non-GBM charges pursuant to the processes in the GBM Policy and will contemporaneously inform all parties of such determinations. This decision will be made at the outset of the notice of the complaint or as soon as reasonably practicable after the allegations become clear. In compliance with law, any allegations of conduct that meet the definition of Title IX Prohibited Conduct as defined by NEC’s Title IX Policy must be resolved pursuant to the process in NEC’s Title IX Policy.
- Dismissal of Formal Complaint
If a formal complaint is submitted that does not allege Prohibited Conduct, as defined in the section of this Policy titled “Prohibited Conduct Under the Gender-Based Misconduct Policy,” it will be dismissed without limiting the Complainant’s ability to provide additional information, or the Title IX Officer may refer the matter directly to the staff that is charged with executing any other relevant policy that may be implicated. For example, a claim of harassment that is based on race or disability status, even if proven, may not violate the GBM Policy. The Conservatory could, in that circumstance, refer the matter directly to the process to evaluate alleged violations of NEC’s prohibitions on discrimination and harassment.
A formal complaint may be dismissed by the Title IX Officer, in whole or in part, at any time if:
• a complainant notifies the Title IX Officer in writing that they wish to withdraw the formal complaint or any allegation(s) contained in that formal complaint; or
• the Title IX Officer determines that specific circumstances will prevent NEC from gathering sufficient information to reach a determination on the formal complaint, or any allegations contained in the formal complaint.
If a formal complaint is dismissed under this section, the Title IX Officer will provide a Notice of Dismissal of the formal complaint to the Parties and information regarding how to appeal the decision.
- The Investigation Phase
A. Notice of an Investigation. If it is determined that an investigation will begin, the Title IX Officer will send a written notice to the Parties advising them that the preliminary review has concluded that the matter should be referred for investigation under this Policy.
B. Advisors. Each party may have a single advisor or support person of their choice present during any formal disciplinary proceeding, including any related meeting or interview, held pursuant to the GBM Policy, which may include an advocate or counsel. A party may consult with their advisor during any meeting or interview. Advisors cannot act as a speaking advocate at a meeting or interview. NEC staff and internal/external personnel involved in the investigation phase may delay or terminate meetings or interviews, remove or dismiss advisors, and/or proceed with the investigation if an advisor is disruptive or otherwise refuses to comply with the requirements of this policy. An advisor is subject to the same confidentiality expectations applicable to others in attendance. Accommodations, including scheduling of interviews or reviews, generally will not be made for an advisor if they unduly delay the process. An advisor is not permitted to attend a meeting, interview, or other proceeding without the party they are advising being present unless they receive the advance approval of the Title IX Officer. NEC reserves the right to take appropriate action in response to an advisor who disrupts the investigation phase or determination meeting or who does not abide by rules and protocols regarding their participation, including, without limitation, to protocols identified in this Policy.
Any person serving as a party’s advisor is prohibited from publicly disclosing private information learned during this process, including information protected under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (“FERPA”) or other state or federal laws. Further, advisors are expected to maintain the privacy of all parties and witnesses to the greatest extent possible. If any advisor is concerned about violating this assurance of privacy to gather evidence, they should raise such concerns with the Title IX Officer immediately so that it can be appropriately addressed to protect the sensitivity of the information without limiting the ability of either party to find and present relevant evidence.
The Conservatory will typically address communications to the Parties and not to any advisor (even an attorney-advisor or parent-advisor).
C. Designation of Investigator. The Title IX Officer will designate at least one investigator to conduct a prompt, fair, and impartial investigation of the reported conduct and prepare a report of investigative findings (the “Investigative Report”). The Investigator will be a qualified and trained individual employed by or engaged by the Conservatory for the purpose of conducting investigations under the GBM Policy, and shall have received training on issues relating to sexual misconduct and investigatory procedures to protect the safety and rights of students and employees within a year of the date that they are designated by NEC to conduct the investigation.
The Title IX Officer will provide the Parties with the name of the person(s) assigned to investigate the reported conduct. As soon as possible, but no later than three (3) calendar days after delivery of the identity of the Investigator, the Parties shall inform the Title IX Officer in writing of any conflicts of interest with regard to the selected Investigator. The Title IX Officer will consider the nature of the conflict and determine if a different individual should be assigned as the Investigator. The Title IX Officer’s decision regarding any conflicts is final. The Title IX Officer may consult with other Conservatory personnel to discuss any conflicts of interest.
D. Nature of the Investigation. The investigation provides an opportunity for fact-finding and will include separate interviews with the Complainant, Respondent, and any relevant witnesses. The Investigator will provide the Parties with advance notice of meetings at which their presence is required.
E. The Parties’ Identification of Potential Witness and Documentation. The Parties have the opportunity (and are expected) to provide the Investigators with the identification of potential witnesses who have specific information about the reported conduct and with whom they would like the Investigator to speak. The Parties also have the opportunity (and are expected) to provide the Investigator any documentation or other items or questions they would like to be considered. All information described in this section should be presented to the Investigator in writing and include a brief description as to how the persons, documents, and/or items are relevant to the reported conduct. This information must be provided to the Investigator during the Investigation Phase and without delay upon becoming aware of it. The Investigator will exercise discretion in their determination of what information to consider and which potential witnesses can provide relevant information to the investigation. The Conservatory reserves the right to limit the submission of evidence and information that was within the party’s possession or knowledge during the investigative phase if the Conservatory determines that the information was withheld for strategic advantage. Furthermore, the Conservatory reserves the right to interview any member of the Conservatory community that may have specific information about the incident that has been reported.
F. Investigation Prohibitions. At no point will the investigation require both parties to be in the same room. At no point will either party be permitted to question or cross-examine the other party or any witness directly during the investigation, determination, or appeal process. Additionally, the Investigator will not consider information related to either party’s sexual history unless deemed relevant to the incident in question.
G. Other Informal Processes. At any time prior to convening a Determination Panel, either party may request an informal resolution of a complaint rather than an investigation and/or hearing by contacting the Title IX Officer. The Title IX Officer will assess the request for informal resolution against the severity of the alleged violation and the potential risks to campus community members. All parties and the Title IX Officer must agree in writing to informal resolution for this option to be used. The Title IX Officer will designate a Conservatory representative or outside service provider to facilitate a dialogue with the parties in an attempt to reach a resolution. The Title IX Officer can end such a process if it becomes unproductive and/or abusive. The allegation will only be deemed resolved when the parties expressly agree to an outcome that is acceptable to them and which is approved by the Title IX Officer in consultation with other appropriate Conservatory administrators. Either party may withdraw from the informal resolution process at any time. The informal resolution process will be conducted in accordance with procedures specified by the Title IX Officer, as determined in their sole discretion.
- Investigative Report and Determination of Responsibility by Determination Panel
A. Content of the Investigative Report. At the conclusion of the Investigation Phase, the Investigator will prepare an Investigative Report, which should include a summary of the factual information presented during the Investigation Phase, a separate section where the Investigator points out relevant consistencies or inconsistencies (if any) between all sources of information. Attached to the Investigative Report or made available with the Investigative Report, the Investigator will provide any relevant evidence gathered, whether inculpatory (i.e., proving the responsibility of a party) or exculpatory (i.e., proving that a party did not commit the conduct alleged). The Investigative Report will not include a determination as to whether a party has violated the GBM Policy or what sanctions may be appropriate. These determinations will be made by the Determination Panel, as described below.
B. Review by the Parties. The Parties will be informed of their opportunity to review the entire Investigative Report and that they may submit written comments and/or questions about the content of the Investigative Report to the Investigator(s) within ten (10) calendar days of the date they are notified that the Investigative Report is available for review. This review will take place at a secure location and in a secure manner determined by the Conservatory. The time to submit written comments can be extended for a brief period if the Title IX Officer concludes, in their sole discretion, that the additional time is warranted. In circumstances where an extension is provided to one party, it will be provided to the other party, as well. Likewise, the secure location and manner of reviewing the Investigative Report can be modified if the Title IX Officer deems it necessary and appropriate. Each party may have their advisor present as they review the Investigative Report, but the Conservatory reserves the right to monitor the review or create appropriate procedures to protect the privacy and sensitivity of the materials in question.
- Photographs or any other copies of the Investigative Report are not allowed by the Parties or their advisors. The comments submitted by the Parties may not exceed ten (10) double spaced pages unless a higher page limit is otherwise determined to be necessary and appropriate in the sole discretion of the Title IX Officer. After reviewing the submissions, if any, from the parties, the Investigator may determine that either additional investigation is required or no further investigation is needed. The Investigator has the sole discretion to determine if any information submitted is irrelevant and therefore not to be considered and/or will be redacted. If further investigation is conducted, the Investigator will include any additional relevant information in the Investigative Report.
- The Investigative Report will then be submitted to the Title IX Officer. Any submissions made by either party pursuant to this section, as well as any other documentation deemed relevant by the Investigator, will be attached to the Investigative Report.
C. Assigning the Determination Panel. The Title IX Officer will inform the Parties of the identity of the Determination Panel, which will typically include between one and three employees of the Conservatory. The assigned members of the Determination Panel shall have received training on issues relating to sexual misconduct and hearing procedures to protect the safety and rights of students and employees and promote accountability within one year of the date of the Determination Meeting. Students may not serve on a Determination Panel. No later than three (3) calendar days after delivery of the identity of the assigned Determination Panel, the Parties should inform the Title IX Officer (in writing) of any conflicts of interest with regard to the selected Determination Panel. If a conflict of interest is raised regarding any individual assigned, the Title IX Officer will consider the nature of the conflict and determine if different individual(s) should be assigned to hear the matter. This decision regarding any conflicts is final. The Title IX Officer may consult with other Conservatory personnel to discuss any conflicts of interest.
After the members of the Determination Panel are finalized, the Title IX Officer will provide the Determination Panel with the opportunity to conduct a preliminary review of the Investigative Report. After this preliminary review, the Determination Panel has the authority to accept the Investigative Report without seeking additional investigation, or to ask the Investigator to conduct additional investigation on specific points prior to the Determination Meeting. If further investigation is required, the Parties will be notified and any information learned will be conveyed to the Parties at least five (5) days prior to the Determination Meeting.
D. Determination Meeting. Once the Determination Panel has completed its preliminary review of the Investigative Report, the Title IX Officer will notify the parties of the date of a Determination Meeting in which the Determination Panel will consider the report and make a determination as to whether there is a violation of the GBM Policy. The Parties will receive copies of any policies regarding submission and consideration of evidence that will apply during the Determination Meeting.
During this meeting, the Determination Panel has the option to request to interview the Parties or other witnesses as deemed necessary in the Panel’s discretion. The Parties and any witnesses will be notified in advance if the Determination Panel will request to interview them during the Determination Meeting. Parties and witnesses will be questioned by the Determination Panel individually and will not be present during any other party’s or witness’s testimony. The Parties may not directly question each other during a Determination Panel. There may be restrictions on evidence considered during the Determination Meeting, including without, limitation: (1) questions and evidence about the Complainant’s sexual predisposition or prior sexual behavior are not relevant, unless such questions and evidence about the Complainant’s prior sexual behavior are offered to prove that someone other than the Respondent committed the conduct alleged by the Complainant, or if the questions and evidence concern specific incidents of the Complainant’s prior sexual behavior with respect to the Respondent and are offered to prove consent; or (2) information protected under a legally recognized privilege (e.g., privileged communications between a party and their physician, psychiatrist, psychologist, or other recognized professional or paraprofessional acting in a treatment capacity, or privileged communications between a party and their attorney), are not relevant unless the person holding the privilege has waived the privilege.
After reviewing the Investigative Report and interviewing the Parties and witnesses (if applicable), the Determination Panel will make the decision by a preponderance of the evidence as to whether or not the Respondent violated the policy provisions at issue and, if so, the Sanctions that will apply. If the Determination Panel determines the Respondent is responsible for violating this Policy, they may request from the Conservatory information on prior sanctioning decisions so that they can apply a consistent sanction in the matter at hand.
E. Notification of Investigation Outcome. Not later than seven (7) business days after the Determination Panel’s determination, unless there is good cause for additional time, the Title IX Officer will inform the parties simultaneously and in writing of (i) the outcome of the disciplinary proceeding; and (ii) the procedures for either party to appeal the result of the disciplinary proceeding.
A. The following process applies to all appeals. Within five (5) calendar days of the delivery of the decision to dismiss a formal complaint (whether in whole or in part) or the notification of investigation outcome, either party may appeal the decision by submitting to the Title IX Officer a letter stating why they believe the decision was inappropriate. A party may only appeal on the following grounds:
- Procedural error that materially prejudiced the findings/outcome.
- Newly discovered material information that was not known/available and which likely could have changed the finding of responsibility or the sanction imposed had it been available.
- Bias or a conflict of interest with regard to the Title IX Officer, Investigator, or Determination Panel that materially impacted the outcome or the sanction.
B. The party submitting the appeal must set forth in detail the grounds for review and must attach all materials that they wish to have considered in the appeal process. The Title IX Officer will provide a copy of the appeal to the other party, at which time they may provide a written response if they choose.
C. The Appellate Officer(s): The Title IX Officer will provide both parties with the names of the Appellate Officer(s). As soon as possible, but no later than three (3) calendar days after delivery of the identity of the Appellate Officer, the Parties should inform the Title IX Officer in writing of any conflicts of interest in regard to the assigned Appellate Officer. The Title IX Officer will consider the nature of the conflict and determine if different individual(s) should be assigned to review the appeal. This decision regarding any conflicts is final. The Title IX Officer may consult with other Conservatory personnel to discuss any conflicts of interest.
D. Sanctions of all types may be imposed while an appeal is pending at the sole discretion of the Conservatory.
- Additional Considerations
A. Disability Accommodations. The Conservatory is committed to ensuring that all community members, and applicants, have an equal opportunity to participate in an Education Program or Activity. If any person requires an accommodation because of disability to access any part of this process, they may make that request to the Dean of Students or designee (students) or Director of Human Resources or designee (employees or other community members). Any requested accommodations will be provided in consultation with the Title IX Officer to evaluate any impact on the rights or protections of any party or witness.
B. Duty of Honesty. The Parties and witnesses are obligated to be honest during the course of the entire process set forth in this Policy. Any person who knowingly makes a false statement – either explicitly or by omission – in connection with any part of the process may be subject to separate disciplinary action. A report made by a Complainant or others in good faith, however, is not considered false merely because the evidence does not ultimately support the allegation of violation of the Policy.
C. Duty of Cooperation. The Parties and witnesses are obligated to cooperate with the Title IX Officer and any personnel charged with implementing the GBM Policy. Any person who knowingly interferes with the actions taken to implement the reporting, investigation, or resolution of matters under the Policy may be subject to separate and/or additional disciplinary action. The Duty of Cooperation does not apply to an individual’s decision not to take part in this process out of consideration of constitutional rights in a criminal investigation involving the same or similar facts and circumstances.
D. Amnesty. To encourage students to refer incidents involving possible discrimination or safety concerns, NEC generally will extend amnesty for drug and alcohol policy violations to students who report alleged gender-based misconduct, who participate in an investigation process, or who are helping someone to obtain support related to alcohol or drug consumption or related to discrimination or harassment. NEC may review the appropriateness of amnesty if the conduct at issue significantly harmed others or compromised community safety. A student for whom an alcohol or drug violation is waived may be referred for a meeting with an appropriate provider for substance abuse education.
E. Special Situations. The Conservatory retains the right to determine, in its sole discretion, if it will address a report of conduct under this Policy administratively and outside of the process described in this Policy when the safety of the Conservatory community is at risk, if there are extenuating circumstances involving either of the parties, or if the Title IX Officer, in consultation with appropriate administrators, determines it is in the best interest of the Conservatory and/or the Conservatory community to do so. If the Conservatory alters the process set forth in this Policy, it will contemporaneously communicate changes to the parties.
F. Delegation. Where the Title IX Officer or any other Conservatory official or employee is listed as the designated point of contact for any role in the Policy, the Title IX Officer may designate another qualified member of the Conservatory community or appoint a qualified external person to assume the role at issue, as necessary and appropriate.
G. Withdrawal While Charges Are Pending. Should a student Respondent withdraw from NEC while charges are pending, the investigative process will proceed in the student’s absence to a reasonable resolution. The student will not be permitted to enroll in an NEC program unless all sanctions have been satisfied. The student will not have access to an academic transcript until the allegations have been resolved. Should an employee Respondent decide to resign from NEC while charges are pending, the investigation process will proceed in the employee’s absence to a reasonable resolution. The employee will not be eligible for employment with NEC unless all sanctions have been satisfied. If a Complainant withdraws from NEC or leave’s NEC’s employment, NEC will review the applicable federal and state requirements to determine whether the matter may proceed.
H. Respect for Privacy. NEC values the privacy of individuals involved in the reporting, investigation, and/or resolution of matters subject to the GBM Policy. NEC will not disclose the identity of the Complainant and Respondent, except as necessary to carry out the processes and obligations under this Policy or as permitted under state or federal law. The U.S. Department of Education has indicated that there are situations in which it may be necessary for an institution to override a request for privacy or confidentiality in order to meet its obligations under the law. In the event circumstances result in NEC overriding a request for privacy or confidentiality to meet its obligations, it will do so with the utmost sensitivity and respect for the circumstances and the individuals involved.
I. Recording the Proceedings. The Parties are not permitted to make individual video, audio, or other electronic, photographic, or digital recordings of any meetings or proceedings held under the GBM Policy or of the Investigative Report. The Title IX Officer may make exceptions to this prohibition in limited circumstances if they conclude, in their sole discretion, that a recording is warranted based upon advance written request of the Party that explains the need for the recording.
J. Respondent Voluntary Agreement to Policy Violation. At any point prior to the conclusion of the investigation, a Respondent may agree in writing to the alleged violation(s) of the Policy and may offer a proposed sanction. It is within NEC’s sole discretion to accept the admission or the proposed sanction or assign a different sanction.